Gambia 2018 Report on – Legal, Constitutional Or Institutional Developments

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BACKGROUND – The new government committed to reforming several repressive laws and reforming the security forces. Steps were taken to begin a transitional justice process.

Following mediation by regional leaders and the threat of a military intervention by ECOWAS former President Yahya Jammeh accepted the results of the December 2016 presidential elections and departed Gambia on 21 January for Equatorial Guinea. ECOWAS had a coalition force stationed in Gambia scheduled to withdraw in mid-2018. Adama Barrow was inaugurated in Senegal’s capital, Dakar, on 19 January during the impasse. On 10 February, the government cancelled the planned withdrawal from the Rome Statute of the ICC which had been introduced under President Jammeh’s rule.

On 21 September, Gambia signed the Second Optional Protocol to the ICCPR, in an apparent step towards abolishing the death penalty.

Plans were initiated to begin a constitutional reform process and to reform other
repressive laws implemented under the previous President. Bills on the Constitutional Review Commission and Human Rights Commission were passed by the National Assembly on 13 December.

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